The Ins and Outs of Cataract Surgery

cataracts

Cataract surgery can be mystifying to some. With so many misconceptions and myths floating around out there, it can be hard to keep your facts straight about this routine eye surgery. So, what exactly happens during cataract surgery, and what should you expect?

What are Cataracts?

To understand the ins and outs of cataract surgery, you must understand what a cataract is. A cataract forms when the proteins that make up the natural lens of the eye begin to clump together. These clumps make the lens blurry and distorted, causing cataract symptoms.

Cataracts form over a long period of time. Some patients have cataracts for years before their lives are truly affected by them. You and your doctor will work together to decide on the right time to have your cataracts removed. Before then, you may be able to use contact lenses and glasses to improve your vision. Eventually, these aids are no longer effective and surgery is necessary.

Cataract Surgery Consultation

Before you can schedule your cataract surgery, you will need to schedule a cataract consultation. During this consultation, your surgeon will ask you a series of questions to make sure you are a good candidate for the surgery.

Your doctor will also help you decide with IOL is best for you during this consultation. The IOL will replace your natural lens once it is removed, so it is important that your IOL suits your needs and lifestyle. Once everything is good to go, you can schedule your cataract removal surgery!

The Procedure

Cataract surgery is notoriously quick and effective. Before your surgery, it is normal to feel nervous. However, you can rest assured that at UCLA, our cataract surgeons are some of the best in the state of California.

Before your procedure, you will be given a mild sedative to help you relax. Your doctor will also numb your eyes and gently place a lid speculum over the eyes to keep them open. Once your eye is properly prepped, your surgery will begin!

To start, your surgeon will create a series of small incisions in your cornea. This can be done with either a blade or a laser. Both are extremely accurate! Your surgeon will then use small tools and instruments to carefully remove the cataract-affected lens. Once removed, your chosen IOL will be inserted and positioned in it’s place. Then you’re done!

The Recovery

Recovery from cataract surgery is similar to that of LASIK. You will not need stitches, as the cornea is self-healing with proper at-home care. You will use antibiotic eye drops and lubricating eye drops to promote healing and comfort. You will need to follow a set of rules to make sure there is no infection.

Your vision will fluctuate as your eyes heal and adjust to the new IOL. Many patients see an improvement in vision immediately after surgery. However, it will take a week or so to see full results.

Are you interested in learning more about cataract surgery? Are you wondering if the procedure is right for you? Contact our cataract surgeons here in Los Angeles to set up your appointment today!

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